Fundamentals of Squatting
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How to Use This Tutorial
This tutorial is not a replacement for a qualified coach, however it covers a broad range of topics in incredible detail and will serve useful to just about anyone - from the competitive athlete, to the clinician, to the average joe training to stay healthy. The tutorial is very comprehensive and detailed, and has been laid out in a specific format intended to be followed from start to finish. Make sure to watch each video and perform the exercises along with the coaches, repeating until you are certain you have it down. We recommend you go through this tutorial once at home, then take it to the gym with you and put into practice what you've learned, starting with the basic exercises and movements and moving all the way to the squat movement itself. Enjoy and stay strong!
Table of Contents
Efficient breathing patterns are the foundation to proper movement. Having refined patterns for performance sets the stage for maximal force transfer under load as well as lessening the risk of injury. Because this process is automated by our bodies we must take a mindful approach when attempting to reprogram faulty patterning.
1.1 An overview of diaphragmatic breathing
1.2 Specific strategies for reprogramming faulty breathing
1.3 Specific strategies for reprogramming faulty breathing continued
Coaching Points: When it comes to correcting improper breathing patterns we must make mindful observations throughout the day (not only in the gym) and create positive interventions as needed. Proprioceptive techniques such as the breath right cue, or the clavicle cross may be effective. From a practical application standpoint, we recommend taking 20-30 conscious breaths when you become aware of a fault during normal activity.
Additional Videos and Resources on this Topic:
Breathing is NOT Bracing
Across all activity that requires forceful intentions, learning how to create, hold, and maintain a proper brace is a fundamental technique to higher performance. Bracing or intra-abdominal pressurization (IAP) is the prime means to force transfer from the point of contact (usually the ground) through the implement. Not only is proper IAP important for realizing strength potential but is also a fundamental role in injury prevention through proper joint centration.
2.1 An overview of IAP with Dr. Phillip Snell and Chris Duffin
2.2 Discussion with Dr. Phillip Snell and Chris Duffin – Squatting with a stacked cylinder
2.3 Teaching how to create IAP in the Deadbug with progression
2.4 Stir the pot – An ab training drill to build bracing strength and endurance
2.5 Okinawan strength technique to bring proprioceptive awareness to proper IAP
Coaching Points: Following proper breathing patterns, learning to brace and maintain IAP under load must be practiced intensively. Drills that build bracing efficiency must be done with very focused effort so once maximal loads are applied the action is automatic. The above bracing techniques work very well when combined with focused breathing practice. From injury prevention to force potential, generating quality IAP is of paramount importance.
Additional Videos and Resources on this Topic:
KMS Public | The Classic Plank
Ground up Approach to Squat Technique and Cues
Starting from the ground up, the following section is designed to breakdown areas of the squat into easily digestible technique and cues. Keep in mind while practicing the following that the above breathing and bracing strategies should always be at the forefront of your focus.
This coaching section is designed to introduce the concept of rooting through the ground. Rooting is a fundamental technique for establishing upstream joint centration and setting the stage for force transfer in all close chain movement. At all phases of a rooted lift special consideration should be made to maintain 3 points of contact in the foot.
3.1 Rooting – General overview of the concept
3.2 Advanced Rooting Techniques
As a prime mover in the squat the glutes act as a powerful hip extensor. The following section details exercises to strengthen, and improve the function of the glutes relative to the squat pattern.
3.4 Diagonal Sit
3.5 Single Leg Bridge
3.6 Band Bad Girl
A properly functioning scapula is key to transferring force from the ground all the way through the bar. With faulty scapular / shoulder function our strength potential will be limited. The following section details progressive drills to help improve scapular function as well as tying everything in.
3.7 Wall Angel
3.8 Seated Reach. Only move onto this progression once you’ve successfully completed the wall angel
3.9 Banded Wall Angel. Only move onto this progression once you’ve successfully completed the wall angel
3.11 Komodo Dragon
3.12 Overhead Squat RNT
3.13 How and where to grip a squat
The following section is designed to introduce members to common squat cues with intention to make positive interventions to technique.
4.1 Stop the freight train
This cue has been proven effective for individuals who fall forward in the squat or let their hips raise faster than knees extend.
4.2 Stand Tall
The cue “stand tall” may be useful for those who stand with a slightly unhinged position or forward head position.
4.3 Cueing the hip hinge
This section provides low risk movements that may be used to cue specific movement or inserted with intent to improve specific qualities.
5.1 Goblet Squat
The goblet squat is best used as a teaching / cueing tool or as quick movement prep work,
5.2 Stallion Squat
The stallion squat is best trained at medium to high reps. This should likely be avoided for those with knee pain.
To finish this guided tutorial, we are going to look at common joint and soft tissue issues that arise with increased squat training.
6.1 Patella tracking issues
6.2 Hip flexor rehab
6.3 Elbow pain
7.1 Squat Tutorial by Coach Duffin at SuperTraining Gym
If you require further coaching and help on the squat or other movements, be sure to subscribe to kabuki.ms (use code "newsletter-kms" to save $25). If you would like personalized 1-on-1 attention, we offer comprehensive virtual coaching services with a staff of in-house coaches ready to help you fulfill your goals.